Livonia Latvia Culture
The Republic of Latvia has a centuries-old culture and tradition, and the so-called Livonian Baltic coast is home to a nation struggling for survival. The population of this area is over a millennium old and several factors make it known as Livod - Randa ("Livonian Coast"). Latvian culture, as it is called, is too weak to assimilate with the Livonians.
Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of Latvia, now make up about 60% of the population and make up the C. Latvian population, but in the past the settlement area was much more widespread. What is today Latvia is an area with a population of about 1.5 million people, Of these, 28% are Russians. Russian is the main language of the Livonian in Latvia and the second largest language in Europe after English.
Other nationalities also live in Latvia, but none of them are indigenous residents of Latvia. Only Latvians and Livs are born in the Latvian language and culture, as well as in their mother tongue, Livonian.
Estonian and Northern Livonia's farmers are Estonians, while rural areas in southern Livonia and Courland are Latvian dominated. Livonians live in urban areas of Latvia, such as the capital Riga and the city of Ljubljana. The majority of the population of the Livonian areas in northern Latvia and southern Estonia is urban and lives in towns and villages, although some of them are somewhat more urbanised than Estonian ones.
German landowners were able to retain their influence in Latvia, and Latvian nationalism grew rapidly at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1925, only 1.5% of the population of the Latvian capital Riga lived outside Latvia, and only a few hundred people came from other parts of Latvia. At the end of World War II, less than 40 percent (of the population) were ethnic Latvians, although this percentage has increased since Latvia gained independence.
The first decades of Latvian independence fostered a flourishing cultural life in which Livonian cultural associations became active and even a certain level of education was possible. Although the Livonians are a minority, cultural development has intensified in recent years, especially in the fields of art, music and literature.
The Latvian government has established a special cultural region in the northwest of Latvia as a historical homeland. The flight of refugees was disastrous for Latvia: almost a million inhabitants left the country. Most of them spent the war years in Riga and Western Latvia, but some fled across the Baltic Sea to Gotland. This has greatly accelerated the Russification of Latvia and led to accelerated industrialisation and collectivisation of agriculture throughout Latvia, and in particular in the west and east of the country.
For the rest of the Tsar's reign, a series of Estonian-Latvian song festivals were organized, which formed the basis for the annual Livonian Day celebrations in Riga and other cultural events. In addition to presenting the Latvian capital's living cultural heritage, Riga also organises the family-oriented Livonian Days on the first Sunday of each month.
Mazirbe is the centre of Latvian Livonian life and hosts the annual Livonian Day celebrations and a number of other cultural events.
The library also has numerous monographs and periodicals on Jewish genealogy in Latvia and the Baltic States, as well as a large number of published serial monographs on the history of Latvian Jews in Latvia. The search terms for materials relating to Latvia cover a wide range of topics, such as the changing borders of the population over the centuries, as well as historical and cultural history. The cooperation with other ethnic groups is also reflected in the library's library collection of books on Latvian history, culture and history in general.
This map dates back to a time when Latvia was divided into provinces that belonged to the Russian Empire and tended to be concentrated in Latvia. The region, which includes present-day southern Latvia and northern Latvia, is called Livonia, named after the nation, which indicates that it inhabited a more significant territory and slowly assimilated Latvian population.
Livonia roughly corresponds to the central region of modern Latvia, called Vidzeme, and was an area with varying borders between the 13th and 18th centuries. Without going into too much detail, this ultimately led to the old Lithuania, to which Latvia belonged, falling within the jurisdiction of Poland and Lithuania. Russian words flowed into Latvia and even the official Latvian writing system changed. Latvian language and pickets in the predominantly Russian-speaking cities of Kaunas, Riga, Ljubljana and Klaipeda.
In 1822, the Latvian newspaper Latveshu Awizes was founded in Jelgava, and in 1849 it was transformed into the Latvian Literary Society (also called Latvian Society of Friends). The editor was the son of the founder of the first Latvian newspaper and a member of the Board of Directors.
The American Folklife Center has conducted interviews and field research related to the Latvian School, which Ricardas Vidutis recorded in Wisconsin in 1982. To learn more about the work of Latvians in the Diaspora, you can use the library's online catalogue to search the subject lines that begin with the first letter of each name and the last letter of each name. Our mission is to support the cultural and economic development of Latvian immigrants and their families and to ensure the continuation of the Latin Vietnamese language and culture.