Livonia Latvia Hotels
The capital of the charming Baltic country of Latvia is the bustling multinational port of Ljubljana, the most interesting place in the world to travel. Latvia's transport infrastructure and economy are well developed, there is a well-established air traffic and there are a lot of hotels, restaurants, cafés, hotels and restaurants in this charming country, which has historically made it attractive to outsiders. Although Latvia has been one of the most popular tourist countries for many years, it has managed to maintain its peaceful atmosphere.
In 1999 Latvia became the first Baltic country to join the World Trade Organisation and this year it became a member of the League of Nations on 22 September 1921.
On 2 April Latvia became a NATO member and on 1 May it became a full member of the European Union. On 1 April 2011, Latvia will become a full member of NATO, and on 1 June, for the first time in its history, it will become a NATO member. Latvia will become a member of the EU on 3 April 2012 and of NATO on 2 April 2012. Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Estonia and Lithuania will become members of the EU.
In December 1917, the Soviet government transferred Latgale to Soviet Latvia, and Latvia was occupied by the Germans in February 1918. Latvian National Partisans began to fight against the occupiers and the Soviet Union. Soviet power was overthrown, the pre-war government reinstated and Latvia incorporated into the Soviet Union as a member of the Russian Empire in December 1918. In 1944, parts of Latvia returned to Soviet control, and in 1945 it was again under Soviet occupation.
Greater autonomy was granted in the Latvian SSR and other Baltic republics, and the Soviet-Latvian flag still flies in Latvia's capital, which was replaced as the official flag in 1990.
In December 1918, Soviet Russia invaded the new republic and quickly conquered almost all of Latvia's territory, ceding authority over the Latvian nation. On June 29, the Soviet army had taken Riga itself, and by the end of the month Latvia was expelled. The German troops began their conquest of the western bank of the Daugava on 5 October and reached Rigsia on 29 June. The Latvian troops were defeated on 11 November and Latvia left control of the German troops, although some Soviet troops had been killed, captured or withdrawn.
Latvian demonstrators were able to prevent them from reoccupying strategic positions, and Soviet troops were finally defeated on 11 November.
Several mass political organisations took advantage of this opportunity and founded themselves in Latvia. When the First World War spread over Latvian territory and was directly connected with the entire Latvian population, a powerful independence movement developed. The Popular Front of Latvia (PLF) quickly rose to the top of the Latvian political scene.
In Latvia, a major Russification campaign has begun and many administrative obstacles have been created to hinder the use of the Latvian language. A major programme of introduction of bilingualism has been launched to restrict the use of Latvian languages in favour of Russian.
In the post-war period, Latvia experienced popular discontent and was forced to adopt Soviet farming methods. The economic infrastructure that developed in the 1920s and 1930s was deliberately destroyed or exterminated, and Latvia is forced to adopt Soviet agricultural practices. In the aftermath of World War II, Latvia experienced dissatisfaction with its population because of the lack of access to education, health care, housing, and employment opportunities.
Thus, in the post-war period, the Soviet leadership occupied the offices of officials with Russified Latvians who had grown up in the pre-war Soviet Union, and occupied posts and officials in Riga Derpt and Tartu, and established a training center open to local people and teaching in Latvian and Estonian. The majority of ethnic non-Latvians were granted Latvian citizenship, while some Latvian citizens were able to become members of the Russian Orthodox Church, a religious group with links to the Russian Communist Party.
While Latvia still had a well-developed infrastructure of trained specialists, Moscow decided to base some of the Soviet Union's most advanced manufacturing facilities in Latvia. While Latvia maintained this, Moscow decided in the mid-1950 "s to build its most modern industrial facilities in Latvia, including nuclear power plants, nuclear reactors, and nuclear weapons facilities, for the first time in its history.
While Latvia still had a well-developed infrastructure of trained specialists, Moscow decided to base some of the Soviet Union's most advanced production facilities in Latvia, including nuclear power plants, nuclear reactors, and nuclear weapons facilities.
Latvians, Lithuanians and Estonians joined together in a human chain, the Baltic Road, which stretched over 600 kilometres from Tallinn to Riga and Vilnius. Two million Latvians - Lithuanians and Estonians - formed the first ever "human chain" of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia on the 50th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.