Livonia Latvia Travel
During our short trip to Lithuania and Latvia, we spent almost two weeks exploring Riga, the capital of Latvia and the second largest city in the country after Vilnius. It is a beautiful city with a vibrant culture, a rich history and a great view of the Baltic Sea.
Livonia roughly corresponds to the central region of modern Latvia, known as Vidzeme, but it was an area with varying borders between the 13th and 18th centuries. There was the old Livonia, which at that time consisted of what is now Estonia and Latvia. The Latvian nation was abandoned by Soviet Russia, and without going into too much detail, the result was that the old Livonia, to which Latvia belonged, fell within the jurisdiction of Poland and Lithuania.
Latvia declared independence on 1 July 1918 after the Second World War and on 15 August 1919. Latvia declared independence in June 1919 during the war between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. Latvian nation Latvia, which declared independence in August 1918 at the same time as the USA.
Latvia declared independence shortly after the end of the World War, and 18 November 1918 is declared an independence day in Latvia today.
The Soviet Union annexed the country in August 1940 and claimed Riga to push it westward, and Latvia was once again under Soviet rule. It became the capital of the Latvian SSR, but it and the rest of Latvia struggled to hide behind the Iron Curtain.
The Soviets occupied Latvia until they restored their independence as a republic in 1991, and then reoccupied it until the end of the Cold War. Latvia shares a maritime border with Sweden, borders Estonia to the north and has a small number of islands in the Baltic Sea, the largest of which, Riga, is located to the south.
The longest river in the nation is the Daugava Dvina, which begins in Russia and runs through Belarus, Latvia and of course the Gulf of Riga. Zemgale is located in the east of the country, which is considered to be Latvia's granary with a population of over 1.5 million people. Rigo, the capital of Latvia, is located on the Baltic Sea, south of Estonia and east of Lithuania.
The surroundings of Hargmae and Valga belong to the mixed areas of Estonia and Latvia, although there is no exact national border. In 1991, after independence was regained, the borders between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Estonia were reestablished.
Russian words have flooded Latvia, and even the official Latvian writing system has changed. Russian words flood Latvia, but not in a good way, and not even in the form of a single word, even though it is the same language as Latvia's official language. Russia: Russian words flood Latvia (even if they are changed) and in an even better way than a monosyllabic word.
Historically, Latvia has always had a large number of ethnic Latvians in the Soviet Union, but not as many as today. Stalin continued his policy of promoting Soviet immigration to Latvia, deporting 42,000 Latvians. Latvia was more integrated into the Soviet Union, and Stalin's deportation policies and ethnic cleansing reduced or reduced the percentage of Latvian ethnic Latvians from 73% to 52%. Historically, Latvia has always had a large number and a very large number of ethnic groups in its population. Baltic States: The percentage of Latvian ethnic group has fallen from 71% of the total population (1990) to 51% or the total Latvian population (today) from 72% (1990).
Although several thousand Jewish refugees returned to Latvia after World War II, most Latvian Jews are descended from those who settled there or elsewhere in the Soviet Union. When Latvia gained independence in 1991, a total of 51,778 people emigrated from Latvia, almost all of them to Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.
Latvians and Lithuanians are the only surviving members of the Latvian Orthodox Church in the United States and the second largest Orthodox Church in the world in Latvia after the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and they are among the oldest surviving members of the Latvian Orthodox community in Europe. Latvia and Lithuania: The only survivors of Lithuania, Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine: Latvian Jews, Lithuanian Christians, Orthodox Christians and Orthodox Jews. Latvian Jewish Community: Latvia is the only surviving member of the Jewish community of Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine and Belarus.
Latvians are descended from tribes that settled in the territory of modern Latvia, and the majority of Lithuanians live in Latvia as part of the Latvian Orthodox Church, Orthodox Christians and Orthodox Jews. Other nationalities also live in Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Belarus, but none of them are indigenous or resident in the territories of Latvia and only Latvians or Livians. Other nationalists also live in Lithuania, but are not native to Latvia, Lithuania or Latvia.